History of the Violet Chinchilla
Extract Taken from – Modern Chinchilla Fur Farming,
By – Willis D Parker, 1975
Known as the Sullivan Violet or Lavender.
This herd was originally in Rhodesia in about 1967 and in subsequent years, several of the mutant animals died when they were about half grown.
The rancher, sent them back to Dr. Caraway, of Fort Worth, Texas, who was secretary of MCBA. They appeared to be of two different shades of Violet or Lavender with quite a nice fur. They were encouraged to continue their mutant program, and send more casualties when they occurred. They next went to South Africa and were subsequently purchased by Lloyd Sullivan of Oakhurst, California. He has now ( 1975 ) had them in the United States for three to four years and had considerably improved their appearance. They have a beautiful white belly. They are Lavender or Violet in color. They have a pinkish, Violet appearance. They are well veiled and have a nice texture, and the underfur is the same color as the tipping. They have a thin, pale, lavender bar. At present, it seems to be the most promising of all the recessive mutations.
Working with the Violet
When you purchase your first Violet, you should automatically notice the difference in the strength of the fur. Even some of the best Violets that I have seen do just not have the density. But then, when venturing into breeding mutations, you tend to get used this problem. The fur is usually very fine and silky, and this makes it soft. However, what you do want to see in your violets, is the beautiful, distinctive white belly fur, that is usually such blue-white, that it glows at you.
Violets do come in different color phases – light, medium, and dark. Personally, I prefer the darker color phased Violets. You can, however, make your Violets even darker, by breeding a Touch of Velvet Violet. This is when you cross Black Velvet into your Violets and give them an even darker veiling. The most obvious way to tell the difference between a dark color phased Violet, and a Touch of Velvet Violet is by checking for the stripes on the front paws of the animal. Remember that any Chinchilla that has Black Velvet in it will have the stripes running diagonally across the front paws.
It is also possible to breed the recessive Violet to other dominant Mutations and produce different amazing effects by breeding Violet cross mutations. For example one of the most unusual looking colored chinchillas, that I have seen is the Violet / Beige Cross. This has also been described as the ‘Pearl’ Chinchilla. The reason being is that it reminds you of the ‘Mother of Pearl’ effect. Being that sometimes you look and the animal appears to be Violet with a hue of Beige, then you will look again and find the animal looks Beige with a hue of Violet. As unusual as this mutation may be, I have not yet viewed one that I would consider to be a quality animal. The combination of breeding the soft, fine fur of a Violet to a soft-furred Beige, carrying Violet, tends to mean that the offspring from this combination has very poor fur quality and also appear not to grow large, remaining at not much more than one pound in weight when reaching adulthood.
One of the other most distinctive looking mutations that have been derived from crossing with other dominant colors is the Violet/White cross. Again this animal is very exciting to view, being that most look like Mosaics, except that where the usual Mosaic would have grey patches, on a Violet/White cross, the colored patches showing against the White are Violet in color. The fur quality of these Mutations if bred from a good quality white does not appear to be so softly textured as that of the Beige/Violet Cross.
You can also work with using your recessives by breeding them to other recessives, but this does require a lot of space and many animals to reach a determined goal of a specific double recessively genes Chinchilla. For example, it is possible to work with Violet and Charcoal and breed an animal that due to the wrap around the color of the charcoal, turns out to be Violet all the way around, without the white belly fur. This similar effect can also be obtained by working the Violet with Ebony as well.
The only problems that you will encounter, maybe the loss in size and fur quality in subsequent litters when working with so many mutations. It is also possible that after many generations you can blank out some of the Violet colorings in the animals. It is therefore important to always follow the rule of breeding each subsequent generation with quality standards wherever possible, to keep the size and quality of your Violet lines.
How to breed your very own Violet, White Cross Chinchilla
1st – Violet bred to White – this combination will produce 50 % Standard Violet carriers and 50 % White Violet carriers. You need a White Violet Carrier
2nd – Breed the White Violet Carrier to a nonrelated Violet – this combination will produce the following offspring – 25 % Standard Violet carriers, 25 % White Violet carriers, 25 % Violets, and 25 % Violet/White Crosses.
Enjoy working with the Violet!